Paragraph Enumeration

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Standard Paragraph Numbering

ConTeXt has a built-in mechanism for paragraph numbering, which places numbers in the margin. This is accessed with \setupparagraphnumbering.

The mechanism numbers ‘TeX paragraphs’, so a formula or an itemization item will get its own number. For ‘block of thought’ paragraphs that can contain multiple TeX paragraphs, see the t-pararef module described at Paragraph Referencing.

\setuppapersize[A5]
\starttext
Some text in an unnumbered paragraph before the paragraph numbering starts.

\setupparagraphnumbering[state=start,style=italic,distance=0pt]
This is the first numbered paragraph; it's short.

This is another numbered paragraph.  It's long enough to wrap around onto
more than one line, so as to show that these are paragraph numbers and not
line numbers.

\startitemize[packed]
    \item an
    \item itemization
\stopitemize

A third numbered paragraph.
\setupparagraphnumbering[state=stop]

And, finally, an unnumbered paragraph after the paragraph numbering.
\stoptext


Paragraph Numbering in the Text

An alternate way of numbering paragraphs is to place the numbers in the running text, rather than in the margin. ConTeXt doesn't have a built-in way to do this, but it's not difficult to add a method using the \everypar macro. The following code was proposed by Taco on the mailing list.

\setuppapersize[A6]
\newcounter\Paracount
\setcounter\Paracount1
\def\Paragraphnumber%
   {\increment\Paracount 
    \Paracount.~}
\def\startParagraphNumbers%
   {\par \begingroup \appendtoks \Paragraphnumber \to \everypar}
\def\stopParagraphNumbers%
   {\par \endgroup}

\starttext
Some text in an unnumbered paragraph before the paragraph numbering starts.

\startParagraphNumbers
This is the first numbered paragraph; it's short.

This is another numbered paragraph.  It's long enough to wrap around onto
more than one line, so as to show that these are paragraph numbers and not
line numbers.

A third numbered paragraph.
\stopParagraphNumbers

And, finally, an unnumbered paragraph after the paragraph numbering.
\stoptext

This produces the following result:

Combining Section Numbering with Paragraph Numbering and Titles

Idris provided a modified version of an enumerated-paragraphs sample provided by Wolfgang. In the modified version, section numbering is combined with paragraph enumeration, with titles optional:

\defineseparatorset [ParagraphNumber][.,] % no second decimal for susubparagraphs
% \defineseparatorset [ParagraphNumber][.,.] % second decimal for susubparagraphs
 
\definecounter[ParagraphNumber][numberseparatorset=ParagraphNumber,criterium=all]
 
\define\ParagraphNumber
  {{\bf \incrementcounter[ParagraphNumber]%
   \convertedcounter[ParagraphNumber][numbersegments=1]}\quad}
 
\define\subParagraphNumber
  {{\bf \incrementcounter[ParagraphNumber][2]%
   \convertedcounter[ParagraphNumber][numbersegments=1:2]}\quad}
 
\define\subsubParagraphNumber
  {{\bf \incrementcounter[ParagraphNumber][3]%
   \convertedcounter[ParagraphNumber][numbersegments=1:3]}\quad}
   
\setuphead[section]
   [style=\bf,
    alternative=text,
    criterium=all,
    number=no,
    textcommand=\ParagraphNumber,
    insidesection=\hskip-0.49em] % adjust space after title
    
\setuphead[subsection]
   [style=\bf,
    alternative=text,
    criterium=all,
    number=no,
    textcommand=\subParagraphNumber,
    insidesection=\hskip-0.49em] % adjust space after title

\setuphead[subsubsection]
   [style=\bf,
    alternative=text,
    criterium=all,
    number=no,
    textcommand=\subsubParagraphNumber,
    insidesection=\hskip-0.49em] % adjust space after title 
 
\setupwhitespace[line]
 
\starttext
\startsection[title={Text.}]
\input ward
\startsubsection
\input ward
\startsubsubsection[title={Text.}]
\input ward
\stopsubsubsection
\stopsubsection
\stopsection

\startsection
\input ward
\startsubsubsection
\input ward
\stopsubsubsection
\stopsection
\stoptext

The output from the previous code is:

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