TeX Live 2009
This page describes TeX Live 2009 setup at the moment.
Installing TeX Live
TeX Live is a distribution that allows you to install TeX and friends on most operating systems. It comes with many, many additional packages, and for the time being, it is the only TeX distribution for all major OS (Windows, linux, OS X) that has regular updates. The release cycle is about once a year; the 2009 version was released in November 2009 (before that, it also had a release in 2008, 2007, 2005 and so on).
There is a number of ways to install TeX Live on your computer:
- you can obtain DVDs that contain TeX Live from a TeX user group (e.g. details); if you're a member of such a group, you may have received a copy as part of your membership benefits;
- you can use netinstall method; if you aren't doing full installation, it can save quite a bit of bandwidth;
- you may find out that your Linux distribution already has TeX Live in it's repoistory; many distributions already switchted to TeX Live from teTeX (e.g. Debian, Ubuntu, openSUSE, Gentoo, Fedora, Arch; the same may be true for other distributions);
If you want to use the installation procedure provided by your distribution, refer to its documentation and skip the next section. This page will explain how to install TeX Live from the DVD.
Installation from the TeX Live DVD ISO images
Obtaining the Necessary Files
If you have a DVD, just pop it in. and skip to next subsection.
If you want to download the latest TeX Live release, point your browser to the nearest CTAN mirror and go to the directory
systems/texlive/Images/. Download the latest ISO images. Please be warned that these images are huge (e.g. ISO image for TeX Live 2009 is 2,9 GiB), so if you're on a slow connection (e.g. modem), the download will take very long to complete.
Beginning and Customizing the Installation (Linux/MacOS X/Unix-like)
Once you have downloaded and saved the file, decompress it and mount it. The installation procedure is command-line based, so change to a terminal window, cd to the directory where the DVD or the TeX Live ISO has been mounted and start the installation process (on most systems, you will need root privileges to install, so either switch to a root terminal by typing
su or precede the second line with
cd /media/TeXLive2009 ./install-tl
The installation process itself is pretty self-explanatory, so hre we mention just a few points that may be of interest:
- be sure to type
Bin order to verify that your specific combination of architecture and operating system will be installed. Here is the list of architectures that are currently available:
- alpha-linux (HP Alpha GNU/Linux)
- hppa-hpux (HP-UX)
- i386-cygwin (x86 Cygwin)
- i386-linux (x86 GNU/Linux)
- i386-netbsd (x86 NetBSD)
- i386-solaris (x86 Solaris)
- mips-irix (SGI IRIX)
- powerpc-aix (IBM RS/6000 AIX)
- powerpc-linux (PowerPC GNU/Linux)
- sparc-linux (Sparc GNU/Linux)
- sparc-solaris (Sun Sparc Solaris)
- universal-darwin (MacOSX for both PowerPC and x86; bash.dmg available for bootstrap)
- win32 (Windows 2000 and later)
- x86_64-linux (x86 64-bit GNU/Linux)
Cto choose what you want to install (maybe you don't want the Mongolian documentation to save some disk space?),
Lto choose which language collections to install,
- begin the installation process by typing
Post-Install (Linux/Mac OS X/Unix-like)
The first and most important thing you have to do after installation is add the new binaries to your $PATH variable. There are two ways to do this:
- at the first installation screen, you can choose as an option
create symlinks in standard directories. If you choose this option, you create symbolic links to the new binaries in a directory that is already part of your $PATH such as /usr/local/bin;
- you can add the directory where TeX Live installs the binaries to your $PATH.
Both ways have their advantages and drawbacks. Adding symlinks is probably faster and easier if you don't have much experience, but it may make uninstalling or reinstalling more troublesome in the future. Adding the directory where TeX Live binaries are to your $PATH depends heavily on shell you are using.
In the past, we used to recommend adding the directory to $PATH, but nowadays that tlmgr tool does a pretty good job of keeping the installation in shape, there is no reason not to use it. It can add and remove the symlinks using menu option "Actions/Handle symlinks in system dirs ...".
By default, TeX Live binaries will be installed to
/usr/local/texlive/2009/bin/<architecture>, with <architecture> being the name of the system on which you're running (see above). Once you have set up your $PATH variable or added symlinks, make sure that your system finds the new binaries. One way to test this would be to run:
which pdftex pdftex --version
The output of the first command should point to the new binary, the output of the second command is, with the latest TeX Live installed:
pdfTeX 3.1415926-1.40.10-2.2 (TeX Live 2009) kpathsea version 5.0.0 Copyright 2009 Peter Breitenlohner (eTeX)/Han The Thanh (pdfTeX). There is NO warranty. Redistribution of this software is covered by the terms of both the pdfTeX copyright and the Lesser GNU General Public License. For more information about these matters, see the file named COPYING and the pdfTeX source. Primary author of pdfTeX: Peter Breitenlohner (eTeX)/Han The Thanh (pdfTeX). Compiled with libpng 1.2.39; using libpng 1.2.39 Compiled with zlib 1.2.3; using zlib 1.2.3 Compiled with xpdf version 3.02pl3
TeX Live provides GUI installation on Windows that doesn't require any explanation at all.
Once the new binaries are found, you want to generate the necessary formats. It has often been suggested that ConTeXt formats be managed by
texexec, not by
fmtutil-sys. If you want this (and I would say it is the better choice), first run (and again, add
sudo if necessary)
in line 46 of the file that opens, put the symbols
#! in front of the line beginning with cont-en pdftex and cont-en xetex. Then, run
This will generate all formats necessary for TeXing except the formats for ConTeXt. In the next step, we will let ConTeXt create its own formats. Run
texexec --make --all
This should create all necessary formats, include all available languages, and install in the right location. The latest TeX Live has resolved the problem with the $engine subdirectory that has bugged ConTeXt users so long. After generating the formats, run
texhash again and verify that the format files are found:
texhash kpsewhich --engine=pdftex cont-en.fmt /usr/local/texlive/2009/texmf-config/web2c/pdftex/cont-en.fmt
If you want to use XeTeX with ConTeXt as well, repeat the procedure for this format:
texexec --xtx --make --all texhash kpsewhich --engine=xetex cont-en.fmt /usr/local/texlive/2009/texmf-config/web2c/xetex/cont-en.fmt
Updating ConTeXtTeX Live in principle offers no option to update between release cycles. But of course, you will want to update ConTeXt as soon as Hans releases a new version. This is easy to achieve: the installation process has created a skeleton directory /usr/local/texlive/texmf-local. It is empty right after installation. cd to this directory, download the latest cont-tmf.zip from the pragma website. Then unzip this archive and run
texexec --make --allagain. This will update your installation and the formats to the latest available version. When you want to update again later, simply repeat the process, overwriting all older files when unzipping.
It's also possible to use TeX Live minimals repository to replace bin-context*, context* and luatex* packages that are in TeX Live. In order to do so, use tlmgr's menu option "tlmgr/Load other repository ..." and point it to http://minimals.contextgarden.net/texlive/beta/. Note: the previous link is currently outdated, it will be updated some time after TeX Live 2010 comes out
Written by Thomas 13:38, 3 February 2007 (CET)
Revised by Vedran 13:12, 7 June 2010 (CET)