# Changes

,  14:56, 5 June 2015
m
no edit summary
'''Layers''' are ConTeXt's mechanism for absolute positioning of elements and other advanced techniques like switching elements on and off.
There's There’s still no manual about them.
==My first Layer==
Define a layer that takes the whole page
<texcode>
\definelayer [mybg] % name of the layer [x=0mm, y=0mm, % from upper left corner of paper width=\paperwidth, height=\paperheight] % let the layer cover the full paper
</texcode>
Now you can put something in that layer:
<texcode>
\setlayer [mybg] % name of the layer [hoffset=1cm, voffset=1cm] % placement (from upper left corner of the layer) {\framed[frame=on, width=3cm, height=2cm]{LAYER}} % the actual contents of the layer
</texcode>
\setupbackgrounds[page][background=mybg]
</texcode>
This command makes the contents of the layer appear only once after the background is activated. If you want to repeat the contents of the layer on each page, use the option <code>repeat=yes</code> in the <{{cmd>|definelayer</cmd> }} command. Then the contents of the layer will be shown on every page. You can add to these contents by a new <{{cmd>|setlayer</cmd>}}[mybg] command. To clear the accumulated contents use <{{cmd>|resetlayer</cmd>}}[mybg]. To make the layer appear on each page, so that it can be populated with different content, set the option<code>state=repeat</code> in <{{cmd>|setupbackgrounds</cmd>}}.
Now you can test the whole thing:
<texcodecontext source=yes>\setuppapersize[A10][A9,landscape]\setuparranging[2UP] % two pages side by side\showframe % show entire pages \definelayer [mybg] % name of the layer [x=0mm, y=0mm, % from upper left corner of paper width=\paperwidth, height=\paperheight] , % let the layer cover the full paper ]
\setupbackgrounds[page][background=mybg]
\setlayer [mybg] % name of the layer [hoffset=1cm0.2cm, voffset=1cm0.2cm] % placement (from upper left corner of the layer) {\framed[frame=on, width=3cm2cm, height=2cm1cm]{LAYER}} % the actual contents of the layer
\starttext
\stoptext
</texcodecontext>
* preset : a named location, see below
There are some "presets" for paper egde edge placement:
<texcode>
% These four are defined by ConTeXt!
</texcode>
Similarly you can define your own presets.

===Understanding "location" and "corner"===

The layer is divided into a 2x2 matrix of squares, where 'x' is the center.
This gets you a total of 3x3=9 different corners.
o---o---o
| | |
o---x---o
| | |
o---o---o

Now you choose one 'corner' (the reference point) for the placement of the content. The content is placed in relation to this point.
The chosen 'corner' c is our new 'center point' (only for placement) now.
With 'location' you define where (in relation to 'corner') the content is placed.
Again you have nine different corners to choose from.
==== Example: to make this clear ====
Specifications <code>corner={top,right},location={bottom,right}</code> will place content in the area L (outside the original layer).
Think about the 'corner' c as a magnetic grid point, where the content snaps to.
The 'location' defines, from which direction we approach the point c.
* x = layer center point
* c = corner 'top,right'
* d = location 'bottom right'
* L = location (area)
o---o---o
| | |
----o---c---o
| | | L |
----x---o---d
| | |
---------

==== Example: placing a logo to the top right corner of the page ====

<context source=yes text="gives:">
\definelayer
[Logo]
[location={left,bottom},
x=\paperwidth,y=0mm,
hoffset=-5mm,voffset=5mm,
]
\setlayer[Logo]
{\framed[width=3cm,height=1cm,background=color,backgroundcolor=lightgray]{Logo...}}
\setupbackgrounds[page][background=Logo]

\starttext
%\showframe

Some text...
\stoptext
</context>
==State==
This is due to <cmd>setlayer</cmd> using <cmd>hbox</cmd> internally. You can work around the problem using <cmd>setlayerframed</cmd>:
<texcodecontext source=yes>\setuppapersize[A6] \definelayer[AddressBg][ x=20mm,y=30mm, width=65mm,height=30mm, state=start] % size is ignored!\setupbackgrounds[paper][ setups=ALayer, background=AddressBg, state=start]
\starttext

\strut
\startsetups ALayer
\setlayerframedsetlayer[AddressBg] % Change this to \setlayerframed to get it to work [width=65mm,height=30mm, frame=off, hoffset=0mm,voffset=0mm, align=right] %You must set align to get multiple lines! { PRAGMA Advanced Document Engineering\crlf Mr. Hans Hagen (the wizard who wrote it all, \CONTEXT\ and everything else, with the help of his little elves)\crlf Ridderstraat 27\crlf 8061GH Hasselt\crlf THE NETHERLANDS
\stopsetups

\page

\stoptext
</texcodecontext>
x=.25\layerwidth,
y=.25\layerheight]
{\green HERE}
\setlayerframed
x=.15\layerwidth,
y=.35\layerheight]
{\red THERE}
\stopsetups
\externalfigure[cow][background={foreground,figure},width=4cm,height=8cm] \startsetups figure \setlayerframed [figure] [preset=righttop, x=.25\layerwidth, y=.25\layerheight] {MORE} \setlayerframed [figure] [preset=middle, foregroundcolor=green] {EVEN MORE} \stopsetups \externalfigure[cow][background={foreground,figure},width=14cm,height=2cm] \defineexternalfigure[whatever][background={foreground,figure}] \startsetups figure \setlayerframed [figure] [preset=righttop, x=.25\layerwidth, y=.25\layerheight] {\red MORE} \setlayerframed [figure] [preset=middle, foregroundcolor=green] {EVEN MORE} \stopsetups \externalfigure[cow][whatever][width=14cm,height=4cm3cm]
\stoptext
</texcode>
== Layers and the delayed font mechanism ==

Until some years ago the Latin Modern font was always automatically
considerable amount of time (check the stats at the end of a context
run to get an idea). This led to the question:

“Why start loading a big, complex font like Latin Modern before we
know which font the user actually wants to use and waste several