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179 bytes removed ,  00:42, 16 January 2018
Added empty line after paragraph delimited descriptions.
== LaTeX ==
LaTeX provides a <tt>description</tt> environment, which works just like an itemized or enumerated list except that the item labels are specified by an (optional) argument to the <tt>\{{cmd|item</tt> }} command, rather than being automatically generated. This is useful for making lists of definitions and other sorts of descriptions that are headed by a keyword.
<texcode>
\begin{document}
\begin{description}
\item[Short] This is a shorter item label, and some text that talks about it.The text is wrapped into a paragraph, with successive lines indented. \item[Rather longer label] This is a longer item label. As you can see, thetext is not started a specified distance in -- unlike with other lists -- butis spaced a fixed distance from the end of the label.
\end{description}
\end{document}
== ConTeXt ==
ConTeXt provides a similar mechanism. Unlike the LaTeX version, ConTeXt's description mechanism does not enclose the items in an environment, but instead formats them independently according to formats given in <{{cmd>setupdescription</cmd> |setupdescriptions}} or <{{cmd>|definedescription</cmd>}}. The <{{cmd>|definedescription</cmd> }} latter command is used to define a named description class, which can later be called using its name. This example defines a <tt>latexdesc</tt> description, with parameters that roughly approximate the LaTeX defaults. <texcode>\definedescription[latexdesc][ headstyle=bold,style=normal,align=left,location=hanging, width=broad,margin=1cm] \starttext\latexdesc{Short} This is a shorter item label, and some text that talks about it.The text is wrapped into a paragraph, with successive lines indented. \latexdesc{Rather longer label} This is a longer item label. As you can see, thetext is not started a specified distance in -- unlike with other lists -- butis spaced a fixed distance from the end of the label. \stoptext</texcode>
<contextsource=yes>
\definedescription[latexdesc][
headstyle=bold,style=normal,align=leftflushleft,locationalternative=hanging, width=broad,margin=1cm]
\starttext\latexdesc{Short} This is a shorter item label, and some text that talks about it.The text is wrapped into a paragraph, with successive lines indented.
\latexdesc{Rather longer label} This is a longer item label. As you can see, thetext is not started a specified distance in -- unlike with other lists -- butis spaced a fixed distance from the end of the label.
\stoptext
</context>
The empty lines (or <{{cmd>|par</cmd>}}) after each description (here, <tt>\latexdesc</tt>) line are required.
The <tt>margin=<i>dimension</i></tt> key specifies the hanging indentation for lines after the first line. In addition, the separation between the label and the text can be specified using a <tt>distance=<i>dimension</i></tt> key.
 
= Multi-Paragraph Descriptions =
Multiple paragraphs (without first line indenting) can be created as follows:
<texcodecontext source=yes>
\definedescription[descr][
headstyle=bold,style=normal,align=leftflushleft,locationalternative=hanging, width=broad,margin=1cm]
\starttext \descrstartdescr{Para} This is a shorter item label, and some text that talks about it. The text is wrapped into a paragraph, with successive lines indented. \vskip1em This is another paragraph under the "Para" item.
This is another paragraph under the "Para" item.
\startdescr{Sub Item}
This is a description of an item which is within the "Para" item.
\stopdescr
\startdescr{Sub Item}
Another Sub Item
\stopdescr
\stopdescr
\startdescr{Short}
A short item that's not part of that really long "Para" item.
\stopdescr
</context>
\stoptext
</texcode>
= Descriptions with Fixed Label Width =
\begin{basedescript}{\desclabelstyle{\pushlabel}\desclabelwidth{6em}}
\item[Short] This is a shorter item label, and some text that talks about it.
The text is wrapped into a paragraph, with successive lines indented.
\item[Rather longer label] This is a longer item label. As you can see, the
text is not started a specified distance paragraph simply starts 6em in -- unlike with other lists -- but is spaced a fixed distance from the end of the label.
\end{basedescript}
\end{document}
</texcode>
 
== ConTeXt ==
sets the label to 5em:
<texcodecontext source=yes>
\definedescription[notation][
headstyle=bold,style=normal,align=leftflushleft,locationalternative=hanging,
width=5em]
</texcode>
\notation{Short} This is a shorter item label, and some text that talks about it. The text is wrapped into a paragraph, with successive lines indented. \notation{Rather longer label} This is a longer item label. As you can see, the paragraph simply pretends the label is 5em wide. </context> Another example: <contextsource=yes>\setupcolors[state=start]\definedescription[notationDesc][alternative=top, hang=20, headstyle=bold,styleheadcolor=normal,alignblue command=left\hskip-1cm,locationmargin=hanging, width=5em1cm]
\starttext\notationDesc{Short} This is a shorter item 's short label, and some text that talks about itis set above the paragraph.TheThe text is wrapped into a paragraph, with successive lines indentedstarts 1cm in.
\notationDesc{Rather longer label} This is a item's rather longer item label. As you can see, thetext is not started a specified distance in -- unlike with other lists -- butalso setis spaced a fixed distance from above the end of the labelparagraph. The paragraph starts 1cm in.
\stoptext
</context>
Another example:<texcode>\definedescription [Desc] [location=top,hang=20,See also == headstyle=* {{\bf\color[blue]cmd|definedescription}}, command=\hskip-1cm,margin=1cm]</texcode>Gives the result:[[Image:desc.png]]* {{cmd|startdescription}}
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